MMA rules and faults


Mixed martial arts (MMA) is a full-contact combat sport that allows a wide variety of fighting techniques and skills from a mixture of other combat sports to be used in competition. The rules allow usage of both striking and grappling techniques while standing and on the ground. Competitions allow athletes of different backgrounds to compete.

The sport known today as MMA (Mixed Martial Arts) did not begin  November 12, 1993 at UFC 1 as many fans believe. It began a decade earlier in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on March 20, 1980,

  • Kick or knee in the face when the opponent is on the ground (minimum of one knee on the ground)
  • Headbutt
  • Keep an eye in any way
  • Bite
  • Hair taking
  • Fish hooking (a technique that consists of tearing the tissues surrounding holes (nose, mouth) like a hook in the mouth of a fish)
  • Blows in the genitals
  • Put a finger in an orifice or injury of an opponent
  • Handling small joints such as fingers
  • Hit the elbow of an opponent on the ground in a downward motion (with the tip of the elbow)
  • Blows to the throat as well as catching the trachea
  • Pinch, twist or pull flesh
  • Catch and pull the shoulders and clavicle
  • Shots in the medulla oblongata (at the back of the head)
  • Blows in the back (spine)
  • Send an opponent out of the arena
  • Hold the opponents clothes
  • Coughing
  • Unsportsmanlike behavior that may cause injury to the opponent
  • Hold the gate of the cage (to carry more powerful shots, avoid a grounding ...)
  • Attack an opponent between 2 rounds.
  • Attack an opponent whose referee is taking care of.
  • Attack an opponent after the ring.
  • To blatantly ignore the decisions of the referee.
  • Interference
  • Use an object in the ring to his advantage.

The referee judges whether the fault is intentional or repetitive, in which case he is entitled to deduct penalty points on the current round. If the foul results in the impossibility to continue the fight, the offending fighter is disqualified if the foul is intentional or the fight is judgedNo-Contest (as if it had not taken place) if it is involuntary.


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